9401-150 Power Supply Pinout
The PSU pinout of the Model 150 is nowhere to be found on the net. This article should change that.
Connector to Colors
The board has connectors for five cables coming from the PSU. The connectors on the board are labelled 1, 2, 9 (first row), and 10, 11 (second row). All but 9 are mechanically standard 6-pin PC/AT PSU connectors.
All descriptions are taken from an original 150 PSU.
Connectors 1 and 2 are also mostly standard AT pinout.
I had successfully replaced the PSU of a 150 with a stock PC ATX PSU. It works. If the original PSU isn't available, this article is meant to help you.
I had an old PSU available, so I could at least in part deduct which wires have which signal. For the sake of replacing a defective PSU, the old one is just an ATX PSU in disguise: AT-style connectors, but ATX function (3,3 V supply, soft power on/off).
If the old PSU is available but defective, it's a lot less work to repair it. Most often, the two primary caps are at fault. Replace them, most often you should be fine.
If you decide to put in an ATX PSU, you need at least four AT style connectors, favorably with wires of at least 20 cm already attached. If you don't have two old AT-style PSUs, you need to obtain connectors elsewhere. I'd better not solder the cables to the connection pins on the board.
In addition, you need a (at least) two-pin header connector for the standby, power-on and (optional) accompanying ground signals. I'd recommend to use a 5-pin connector with mechanical protection against putting it on in reverse.
Finally, just ignore the grey and brown wire connections of the original PSU's header connector. They either are not used by the board itself, or they are not strictly necessary. Also, newer ATX PSUs do not offer a -5 V supply. This is also not needed, just cut the appropriate wire from the connector going to the board.
An alternate approach to solder is using adapters:
- From SATA power to the old Molex Power connectors,
- from the ATX board connector to four AT-style connectors.
Adapters could be obtained from certain sources. Example: The ATX20/AT Adapter from Bicker. It is is only of limited use and must be modified to the peculiarities of the connection needed for the 150:
- Create a fake-pin in the (only) empty position and wire it to the separate connector 9, Pin 1 on the machine's board. This delivers +5 V standby. You can easily use hot glue and some cm of standard 1.5 mm2 to imitate a pin. Proven to work.
- Cut the green wire from the P9 connector of the adapter. Take care to not cut the black wire going to the same pin. This is the Power On signal for the separate connector 9, Pin 2 on the machine's board.
- Solder or crimp the the cut wire endings to pins 1 and 2 of a fitting counterpart for connector 9 on the machine's board.
- Exchange the connectors on P11 to be in the same order as with connector P12. If you fail to do that and plug both connectors, you'll generate a short, so the PSU will not work.
- The new PSU should be able to deliver at least 100 W of power on the secondary side.
- It's unfavorable to put in a PSU with much higher nominal power, e. g. 500 W or more. The PSU will run with partial load, lessening its efficiency.
- The holes for fixing the PSU neatly match with the holes in the case. Fan has to go to the top (with modern, huge-fan PSUs)
- A lot of thick cable soldering is involved. So you need a proper soldering tool which is able to sustain a considerable amount of heat while maintaining the tip temperature. This problem is worse with the ROHS compliant solder, which also needs higher temperatures to melt.
- Take your time. Fiddling with all these wires with different colors should not be done in a rush.
- Label the new PSU, stating that the cable colors are not to be trusted, if you exchanged complete cables!
Newer PSUs are more efficient than the old one. The following table shows an example Model 150's power dissipation with the following hardware features:
- 3× 6606 (2 GB, 5400 RPM) disks,
- HP DDS-2 DAT drive, idle,
- IBM CD-ROM drive, idle,
- #2720 combined serial and twinax IOA,
- #2724 Token Ring IOA inserted in ring,
- 192 MB of RAM
|Original PSU||New PSU|
|Standby||3 W||1.1 W|
|Disks not yet spinning||61 W||54 W|
|Disks spinning||64 W||60 W|
|Idle||73 W||65 W|
|Busy with CPU and disks||85 W||74 W|
- This is a preparing work for another article describing how to replace an original 150's PSU with a stock PC one.
- The only difference being the white wire, supplying -5 V on the PC/AT; designated VFAN for the AS/400 PSU, also delivering -5 V.
- 5 V Standby Power
- Signal designation as regex: [EF][PB]O[UW]. The circuit board label is partly covered by a very sticky white substance; no silicone rubber. Scratching it away also removes the print.
- has 7.8 V after power on.
- In case you need to access the PSU or the board itself, you'll have additional work. In addition, it's just flub.
- My box with three 15 kRPM, 192 MB RAM, and an IPCS draws around 100..120W from mains, measured on the primary side.
- be quiet Pure Power 10 300 W